Unluckily, cervical or cervix cancer can be deadly for women. Even though the statistics about this cancer type is frightening, but cervical cancer can be prevented, as well as treated if diagnosed early.
Furthermore, cervical cancer is most commonly triggered by the human papillomavirus, i.e., HPV, which is highly contagious. You should know that this virus is actually a sexually transmitted infection and comes in a lot of types but only some result in cervical cancer.
Moreover, an HPV infection might go away on its own or may contribute to abnormal cell growth, thus leading to cervical cancer.
Although the cervical cancer signs may not be as obvious as those of the breast cancer, but there are actually several ways to observe the signs. Visit a gynecologist immediately in case you notice:
1. Unusual discharge
A common warning sign of this cancer type is unusual discharge. In addition, once the cancer begins to grow inside the cervix, the uterine wall cells begin to rid, producing a watery discharge.
The appearance of small warts, regardless they appear externally or internally, is actually a red flag for a number of diseases, including HPV that can elevate the chances of cervical cancer in all women.
3. Pain or bleeding
These are also typical symptoms and warning signs for cervical cancer. It is probably experienced as the cervical cancer grows on the walls of the cervix that can dry out and even crack, triggering discomfort and bleeding. Of course that there may also be rectal or bladder bleeding. So, this means that in case you notice any bleeding outside your menstrual period, it is recommended to visit your doctor immediately and get a proper treatment.
Excessive bleeding usually triggers anemia. Moreover, in case you feel tired all the time, and the eating habits are the same, or in case your heart hastens after normal exertion, it may indicate symptoms of anemia. As previously mentioned, anemia can be triggered by excessive bleeding that often accompanies cervical cancer.
5. Urinary problems
The bladder and kidneys may be compressed, thus obstructing the urine passage, as the cervix swells. In such a case, you may not be able to completely empty your bladder, resulting in pain or a urinary tract infection.
6. Constant back, hip and leg pain
The swollen cervix can also affect your bladder, kidneys and other internal organs. What’s more, blood vessels may also be compressed, thus making it difficult for the blood to reach the legs and pelvis, contributing to pain and swelling in the legs and ankles.
7. Weight loss
All cancer types reduce or even suppress the appetite, including cervical cancer. The cervix swelling can compress the stomach, leading to lowered appetite and great weight loss.
Note: First of all, don’t panic! It does not actually mean that you have cervical cancer if you have some of these symptoms. Therefore, it is recommended to consult your doctor first, when you notice any of these symptoms and warning signs. Also, there are risk factors for developing HPV, and can be contracted by both women and men.
Here are the well-known risk factors for cervical cancer:
- Unprotected sex
- Multiple sexual partners
- Smoking or breathing in second-hand smoke
- Low immunity
Note: As a result of the fact that an STI is the most common cause of cervical cancer, you should be aware of the signs and symptoms of HPV. Cervical cancer can be early detected with some preventative exams such as a pap smear, which should be done once a year.