Melanoma actually poses the most serious threat over all cancer forms.
It has been predicted by The American Cancer Society that there will be about 73,870 new melanoma diagnoses in 2015 for the United States alone. In addition, it is also estimated that 9,940 of them will die from it.
According to statistics, this represents a 200% increase in incidents since 1973. What’s more, the World Health Organization places annual new melanoma cases at 132,000 globally.
What is melanoma?
It is considered that melanomas originate from melanocytes that are more aggressive than any other cancer form.
A 2009 study stating that less than 10% of metastatic melanoma cases have a survival rate beyond 10 years was published by the Seattle Cancer Care Alliance Early, and it states that early diagnosis is critical.
It is important to know that the most common approach of educating the public on identifying melanoma’s characteristics is a rule known as ABCDE.
It is a fact that most people have a certain number of moles on their body.
Bear in mind, normal moles are not a cause for concern. But, you should always keep an eye on them and note any changes. So, if you notice any sudden or drastic changes in the appearance of moles, make sure to bring them to the attention of a medical professional right away.
The ABCDE guidelines can help you in identifying potential melanoma signsː
- A represents asymmetry.
- B represents the border or edge. Moreover, a jagged, blurred, or irregular edge is an important reason that should be brought to the attention of a physician.
- C represents color that should be nearly seamless. It is significant a deviation in hue or, more importantly, an actual color. For instance, it may be reddish brown with black spots. Also, you should not dismiss odd colors like pink or blue.
- D represents the diameter of the mole or birthmark. In case it is larger than 6 mm, i.e., about ¼ inch, you should visit a doctor.
- E represents the mole or birthmark evolving or deviating from the original size, color, or shape.
Furthermore, there are some other symptoms that should be also considered. Namely, they should be discussed with a medical professional as they may indicate cancer.
It may be an indicator of melanoma if any sore continues to worsen or simply refuses to heal.
Another sign of melanoma may be the sudden appearances of one or more new spots in the original mole or birthmark vicinity. Also, there might be, but not always, a trail from one to the other.
Any redness, rapid growth, or additional inflammation of the mole or birthmark may be a sign.
Pain, tenderness, or itching of the mole should be noted.
A medical practitioner should address a mole or birthmark that bleeds, oozes, or appears to be scaly.
Lower the melanoma risks
In case you cannot limit or avoid of the sun exposure, they it is advisable to apply always a strong, natural sunscreen as there are certain types of commercial sunscreen that contain harsh or toxic chemicals.
- A lot of berries contain cyanidins that are able to protect you from damaging of the sun rays as well as free radicals very effectively.
- Sesame oil can be actually effective against 30% of ultraviolet rays.
- Also, coconut and olive oils provide protection from around 20% of UV rays.
- A great number of fruits and vegetables contain high concentrations of antioxidants. Moreover, antioxidants are beneficial for combating and preventing the cell damage from the harmful sun rays.